Political FinancingThere are two ways tax dollars are used to support political parties. Provincially Manitoba and Quebec provide parties with grants based on the number of votes received although in Manitoba both the NDP and Conservatives have refused to accept the grants. Federally a similar system was introduced in 2004 when donations by unions and business were made illegal; the Harper government is phasing out these grants with the last payment scheduled for April 2015. Many think that change was made because the Conservatives fund-raising machine is much better than that of the other parties but it is also true that the grants were not popular with the public. In the absence of those grants, individual contributions are vital for all political parties. It is arguable that even individual donations involve public subsidy since the tax credits they earn are far in excess of charitable tax deductions.
Tax credits are made available for both provincial and federal political donations. Unlike a deduction from income which is how charitable donations are treated, tax credits are deductions directly from taxes owing. In British Columbia a donation to a registered political party earns a 75% tax credit on the first $100 donated, 50% on amounts over $100 and under $550, and 33 1/3% on amounts in excess of $550 to a maximum credit of $500. A donation to a federal party earns a $75% tax credit on the first $400 donated, 50% on amounts over $400 and under $750, and 33 1/3% on amounts over $750 to a maximum credit of $650. In BC those who donate a cumulate amount of $250 or more annually have their names disclosed in an online searchable database; there are no limits on union or business donations. Only individual donations are permitted federally and there are limits to the cumulative amount any person can donate over a year. As with provincial donations, the names of federal donors can be seen in an online searchable database.
Donors to any political party might be particularly interested in how much their MLAs and MPs donate. Since first names appear in a variety of forms, it is best to start by searching the databases by last name and then modify the search to include the first name and any initials used in the disclosure. For example, if you search the Elections BC file on "Clark" for 2013, you'll find Christy Clark gave $1,453.86 in 2012 but she apparently didn't give over the $250 disclosure limit in any prior or subsequent year. A search on most NDP MLAs reveals donations of $100 per month. That has been what the party has expected of its MLAs for over 25 years despite MLA salaries more than doubling over that time. In 2012, John Horgan donated $1,240 to the BC NDP; in 2013 he gave $1,825. Mable Elmore is an exception to the $100 per month rule; in 2012 she gave $2,335 and in 2013 she gave $2,575. Jenny Kwan gave $1,895 in 2012 and $1,775 in 2013.
I was curious what the declared candidates for the NDP federal nomination in Vancouver East gave to the federal NDP. I couldn't find any disclosed donations for either Jenny Kwan or Mable Elmore. I haven't check the entire list, but it appears most MLAs just donate to the provincial party.
Some might say these matters are an irrelevant distraction to the nomination campaign in Vancouver East, yet the members whose votes are being courted receive countless phone calls and emails from both the provincial and federal NDP asking for support. Many of us respond generously, noting that a $400 federal contribution only costs $100 after the tax credit.